Using a Stippling Technique to Build Texture in Encaustic Art

This painting was a study in problem solving for me.  I knew what I wanted, but I didn’t know how to get there.  However, through my brainstorming and experimenting, I found and used some new and effective techniques that I absolutely fell in love with, including a stippling technique that made the texture in this piece just pop!!

 

   Paintings are currently only available for purchase in the United States

My Process

I wanted to create a realistic map of the Outer Banks, but I wasn’t sure how I was going to transfer the image to the surface of black wax in a way that would be easy to see.  Carbon paper wasn’t going to work.  I didn’t want to trace the map, either, and hope that the faint indented lines were easy enough to see.  I finally decided to use a perforated hole technique.

  • I laid the map over the wax surface, making sure the lines were where I wanted them to be.
  • Using a needle, I punched tiny holes through the paper into the wax along the edges of the map and up the rivers, outlining the barriers of land and water.
  • Once I perforated all the edges I wanted, I peeled the paper map away from the surface of the wax.  This was a bit tough- the paper had a tendency of sticking to the wax, but with a little finagling I go everything loose.
  •  I retraced my perforated lines with the needle to make them plain lines I could add color to.
  • Wearing latex gloves, I rubbed white oil paint into all the crevices.  This is called an “incised line” technique, and you can also do it by painting over the lines with wax.
  • Once the lines were filled as much as could be, I used a linseed oil soaked paper towel to wipe away the excess paint.

With my map outlined in white, I fused the surface lightly to bring back the lustrous look of the wax (oil can smudge things up a bit).  Now, the texture!

 

stippling technique



Stippling Technique

The texture I added to the land portion of my painting is really the highlight of this piece.  It gives the map a topographical look that is just awesome.  I seriously love it soooo much.

  • I used a tiny stencil brush, with course bristles, to add wax to the surface with a stippling technique.  The definition of stipple is “to paint, engrave, or draw by means of dots or small touches.”  I used small touches (up and down over and over again) with my course brush to create a build up of wax.
  • Fusing is SUPER important when you’re doing this.  If you try to stipple layers over and over without fusing, the brush will pull them apart and you won’t be able to build very much.  In fact, I would say that the more often you fuse, the better.  Just remember to do it lightly.  Don’t melt all that texture you’ve just made!
  • I would also say, that the top layer is the most important.  You can paint and fuse to build up layers if you want some height, and then simply stipple the top layer.  For big sections, this may be the most efficient way of doing it.

Well, there you have it!  What do you guys think?  Do you love it as much as I do?!

 

Raleigh Past and Present- Encaustic Map

In this Encaustic map painting I’ve combined two maps of Raleigh.  The first is a map from July 1797- “Plan of the City of Raleigh with all the improvements & all the Numbers july 1th, 1797”.  This is a plan for Raleigh’s downtown.  I printed it and used gel medium to adhere it to the wood board.  Once I added a few layers of wax, I used a clay tool to make lines in the wax over the block squares, then filled them with burnt sienna oil paint.  This step can take a little while, since getting the paint all they way into the crevices over the entire piece take quite a bit of elbow grease.  It is super fun, however, to see the sharpness of the lines you’ve created as you wipe away the excess paint with paper towels and linseed oil.

I will usually let the paint dry a little, typically overnight, before adding more layers of encaustic medium.  Several more layers, and it was time to freehand Raleigh into the top layer using google maps.  Once again, I filled the lines with oil paint (Raw Umber), then wiped away the excess.  The lines still needed a bit of cleaning up, so I used the other end of my clay tool to scrape a little bit of the wax build up from the lines, leaving a sharper image.

The last step was to use one of my favorite script stamps with some india ink to stamp text over the surface.  Since the surface of the wax is rather wavy, the stamp is really dark in some areas, lighter in others, and totally misses everywhere else for a spontaneous look.

 


  Paintings are currently only available for purchase in the United States.

I love the symbolism of historic Raleigh buried beneath multiple layers of opaque encaustic medium, while present day Raleigh is embedded in the top layer, clearly visible.

Don’t forget to check out my video of the process.  I did make a mistake with the lighting in this video- there are shadows all over the place as I’m working, and I apologize for my mistake.  However, I thought I’d post it anyway in case it interests any of you.

 

 



Thank you for reading and watching!  I’d love your feedback, as always!

Abstract Encaustic Maps with Layers of Color

There are so many artistic possibilities that are unique to encaustic painting. Achieving these kinds of transparent layers would be difficult, if not impossible, with any other painting medium.  It’s the main reason I love encaustic painting so much.  These encaustic maps have grids that are layered on top of one another.  They appear to be floating almost, and are noticeably at different levels within the painting.  Love it!

By the way, if you’re interested in purchasing this set, it’s listed here.

 

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Abstract Encaustic Maps

If you read my last post (also about abstract maps) you’ll know that I love the idea of the history behind the streets and grids that maps display.  How each city developed into what it is today fascinates me- the changing neighborhoods, the forgotten infrastructure, and all the hidden stories that these lines represent were constantly in my thoughts as I created these pieces.

Have any of you ever seen those shows that take you underneath the streets of a city?  They show you catacombs and sewers, modern infrastructure and historic, hidden places.  I love watching those shows, and I always wish that I was there with them.  The idea of touring beneath the streets of some of the most historic and famous cities in the world, learning the history and imagining the lives of the people who once stood where I would be standing, is so fascinating to me.

 

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Although these small 6×6 encaustic maps are not representative of any specific city, I imagine those hidden streets and sewers each time I see these pieces.  I created them organically, drawing the lines and shaping the grids quickly without references.  They really just represent possibility- how everything is created a piece at a time, and is constantly evolving.  Once thriving places will decay and be forgotten over time.  Maybe in the next life I’ll be able to understand the truth of what happened in so many of these places.  That would truly be awesome.

 

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Interested in purchasing this set?  Click here!

Encaustic Art with Contrasting Texture

contrasting texture encaustic

I have an encaustic piece for you today, with a new video of course!  There is so much awesome contrasting texture in this piece, I love it.  And looking at these pictures, I can see I’ve been working with blue and white a lot lately…  Maybe some green or red for my next project, eh?  Sounds about right.  🙂

I cut a lot of things out of this video, for the sake of time, but mostly because there were a lot of things I tried initially that didn’t work.  For example, at one point I tried to outline some of the shapes I created with lots of lines drawn with ink into the wax.  I’m not sure if it was a lack of talent on my part, or the wrong tools, or just bad technique, but those lines turned out pretty awful.  No biggie, though- I gently scraped them off the surface of the wax, and used the excess to make a few more of the round wax balls I adhered to the surface.

contrasting texture encaustic art

  • I began with a square block of plywood, and painted it with white gesso.
  • I added a couple layers of clear wax, fusing with my heat gun between each layer.
  • Starting with the darker of my R&F pigment sticks, I added a bit to the cool wax surface and smeared it around, making sure I was wearing gloves.
  • I fused the oil into the wax, then carefully added another layer over it and fuse it again.  If you get some excess color on your brush, clean the hot brush with a paper towel.
  • The lighter of my oil sticks came next.  I smeared some over the surface, then went to town with my heat gun.  All the layers mixed, and created a smooth wax surface.
  • Using a sharp tool, I drew some lines into the wax, all the way to the wood surface.  In the process, I saved the extra bits of wax to use later.
  • Certain sections got a layer of blue india ink.  Of course, I decided afterwards they were a bit too blue, so I scraped a lot of the surface, took the excess wax and roll it into little balls and added them to the surface of those sections.  Can’t forget to fuse!
  • I added several layers of clear and white wax to those textured sections, fusing in between each layer.
  • The last step was to fix all the lines (multiple fuses made the lines meld together in some places) and add india ink into the grooves.

mixed media encaustic with contrasting texture encaustic art with contrasting textures

Done!!  Not exactly what I had in mind when I started this piece, but it’s always a learning experience.

I hope I’ve inspired you today!!  Thanks for stopping by!

Shellac Burn Encaustic Paintings with India Ink and Calligraphy

encaustic mixed media calligraphy painting

mixed media calligraphy encaustic painting

Good day!  It’s been awhile since I’ve shared anything with you- sickness has been visiting my home and sapping all my energy.  But I’m so excited to share these new encaustic paintings, especially since I’m using a technique I’ve never used before, but been dying to try- Shellac Burn.

  • I began with two pieces of craft plywood, both 6*6.
  • I start with white encaustic medium and then began layering clear wax on top- white, clear, white, clear.
  • After each layer of wax, it’s essential to fuse the piece with a heat tool.  It doesn’t take much to fuse each layer- you need to at least make sure a wet sheen begins to appear- this will let you know the heat has done it’s work.  I usually go a lot farther than that.
  • After several initial layers, I added some purple india ink to the cooled surface of the wax.
  • Shellac Burn!  I took everything outside to the cement slab on my back porch, sprayed the pieces with a generous amount of shellac, and lit them on fire.
  • The Shellac on the surface was very sticky after the burn, and to make sure the colors of the ink wouldn’t run or stick to my brush, I dabbed the surface with a paper towel.
  • Then, it was repeat mode.  I added another layer of clear wax, some more india ink in a different color, and did another shellac burn.
  • One more layer of wax, one more color of ink, and one more shellac burn.
  • Once I had all the colors I wanted, I added some trails of white ink, and fused them heavily into the existing layers of wax.
  • After everything cooled, I used my calligraphy pen to add text in different sizes and colors.
  • I’m using PH Martin’s Bombay India Inks here- there are two full sets and I have both for a big range of colors.

Shellac Burn encaustic painting
For my next step, I need to do some more experimenting.  I want to see if I can achieve a floating effect by adding more layers of wax between the colors.  Also, I’d like to use the fluid shellac instead of the spray, and let it dry as well before I light it on fire.  Maybe I’ll use some oil sticks or pastels instead of ink to add some color. We’ll see!!

shellac burn encaustic painting encaustic shellac burn technique

Have any of you done this technique?  I’d love to hear your process!  And if you have any questions, just shoot me a comment.  Thanks so much!!